3 minutes to learn artificial leather automotive interior materials

- Dec 07, 2017 -

As an important part of the car, car interior more and more OEM manufacturers pay more attention, because consumers car, the most important first perception, in addition to car shape, is the car interior. In the automotive design process, the car interior design workload accounted for more than 60% of the entire car design workload, far more than the car's exterior design, the importance and complexity can be seen.


Relative to the manufacturers commonly used luxury quality, unique style, fashion dynamic, design language, ergonomics and other interior vocabulary, interior material may be more people care about. Take a look, smell, touch, that is the most direct and most credible feelings, soft and comfortable interior material most popular.


Commonly used automotive interior materials plastic, leather, textile fibers, etc., each subdivided into many varieties, different characteristics suitable for different applications. Following Xiaobian mainly introduce the car interior artificial leather.


classification

Break down categories

main ingredient

English name

  

 

artificial leather

 

PVC leather 

Fiber + PVC 

Polyvinylchlorid

PU leather

Fiber + Polyurethane

 

Poly Urethane

Microfiber PU leather 

Microfiber + polyurethane

 

Microfiber Poly Urethane

PVC leather, PU leather, microfiber PU leather are artificial leather, industrial products produced by coating different fiber materials with different coating materials.

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PVC leather is the use of knitted fabric as a base fabric, the hot melt into a paste of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) material evenly coated on top of a certain thickness, and then into the foaming furnace foaming, it has to be able to adapt to production A variety of different products, different requirements of the softness, and then baked at the same time the surface treatment, such as dyeing, embossing, polishing, extinction, grinding surface fluffing.

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PU leather fabric is usually better tensile strength of knitted fabrics, canvas, non-woven fabrics, etc., in the PU (polyurethane) as the material of the hot-melt coating process, in addition to being coated on the top of the fabric , Can also be coated on both sides, the fabric is completely contained in the middle, the appearance of the fabric can not see the existence of the base. Surface treatment basically Ibid. .

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Microfiber PU leather is based on three-dimensional structure of microfiber non-woven fabric as a base fabric, and then coated or laminated with one or more layers made of high-performance polyurethane. Microfiber leather in the strength, wear resistance, anti-aging, moisture absorption, comfort and other performance indicators are superior to ordinary PU leather, and microfiber PU leather more like leather, more durable, feel better.


In the car interior, PVC leather feel harder, comfort and anti-aging properties are also poor, has been gradually eliminated, replaced by feel softer, more durable PU leather, is currently more widely used. In the high-end models, microfiber PU leather is the current popular car seat and interior fabrics, because of its physical properties and feel the closest to the leather, but also more economical and durable, it has been welcomed by the market, and the development prospects Very broad, the market share will be higher and higher.

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Diversification brings more possibilities

With the changes of the times, materials science and technology and the continuous improvement of technology, automotive interior skin materials are also evolving, and increasingly diverse. Take the automobile seat fabric as an example. Mostly used PVC leather in 1960s and nylon fiber textile materials in 1970s. PU leather fabric is gradually adopted and popularized. In recent years, ultra-fiber PU leather is rapidly gaining popularity Up, and the market prospects are very broad, the future may also appear to update more high quality artificial leather material to bring us a comfortable interior enjoyment.


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